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The economic impact of immigration in Belgium


In April 2018, the National Bank of Belgium (NBB) was asked by the then Minister of Finance Johan Van Overtveldt to analyse the economic impact of immigration in Belgium to substantiate debate on this issue. In order to provide a robust and complete analysis of the impact on public finances and the integration of immigrants in the labour market, the NBB relies on data from the Crossroads Bank for Social Security (CBSS) which includes all individuals present in the National Register over the period 2009-20161 and provides information on their characteristics by category (country of birth, country of birth of the parents, age, gender, level of education, Region of residence and type of household) as well as their activity status (in employment, etc), the transfers they receive from the government and their revenues from work. We know factors specific to immigrants, such as their channel of migration, their nationality and the number of years of residence.

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