Date: May 2022
The international investment position (IIP) is an economy’s financial statement that shows at a point in time the value of financial assets of residents of an economy that are claims on non-residents or are gold bullion held as reserve assets; and the liabilities of residents of an economy to non-residents. The difference between the assets and liabilities is the net position in the IIP and represents either a net claim (positive) on or a net liability (negative) to the rest of the world. Additionally, the net IIP at the end of a specific period reflects not only financial flows but also other changes (changes in volume, exchange rate changes, and other price changes) during the period, all of which affect the current value of a country’s total claims on non-residents and total liabilities to non-residents. This article presents data on the (net) IIP of the European Union (EU) and its Member States. Data are compiled according to the Sixth Edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6); the major components of the IIP for the EU were estimated by Eurostat.